Cevallos explains the difference between quarantine, which can apply to a person exposed but not showing symptoms, and isolation, which applies to a person already ill. The state’s due process responsibilities seem surprisingly limited. An individual is not guaranteed he can recover income or property lost to quarantine, although in Texas it seems as though some of the employers are willing to pay quarantined or monitored individuals. (I’m not sure if being told not to leave town or got to work and to report for temperature checks twice a day but being allowed out locally falls within the legal definition of quarantine, but the practical effect is similar. )
Update: Oct. 7
NPR has an important story by Linda Poon and Opheibea Quist-Arcton, "How a person can recover from Ebola," link here.
Update: Oct. 8
Many news organizations report that Thomas Eric Duncan passed away at 7:50 AM Wednesday, October 8. Generally, doctors say that the two-day delay in getting treatment (often common with patients with no health insurance) may have proved fatal. One or two other patients seem to have less severe symptoms and we're waiting to see if milder cases are possible,
Update: Oct. 28
Vox Media also offers a legal explanation of the concept "quarantine" and "isolation" in a piece by Julai Belluz here.